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sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation - On Sodium Vapour Lamp PowerPoint PPT Presentations. All Time. Show: Recommended. Sort by: Electrical Installation Practice 2 - High Pressure Sodium High Pressure Sodium Vapour Requires a Ballast for control of running current Ignitor to start the arc in the lamp High Pressure Sodium Vapour Metal Halide Quartz. Feb 13, · High Pressure Sodium Lamp • A sodium-vapor lamp is a gas-discharge lamp that uses sodium in an excited state to produce light. • The sodium D-line is the main source of light from the High- pressure sodium lamp. • High-pressure sodium lamps are smaller and contain additional elements such as mercury. • It produce a dark pink glow when first struck, and an intense pinkish orange light when sodium . Low-pressure sodium lamps are highly efficient electrical light sources, but their yellow light restricts applications to outdoor lighting such as street lamps. High-pressure sodium lamps have a broader spectrum of light than the low-pressure lamps, but still poorer color rendering than other types of lamps. Low-pressure sodium lamps only give monochromatic yellow light and so inhibit color vision at night. Sodium vapor lamps . developing a thesis statement + high school
resort report clothing 2013 nissan - Jan 07, · Sodium - vapor lamp A sodium-vapour lamp is a gas-discharge lamp that uses sodium in an excited state to produce light. There are two varieties of such lamps: low pressure and high pressure. Lowpressure sodium lamps are the most efficient electrical light sources, but their yellow light restricts applications to outdoor lighting such as street lamps. Oct 28, · This PPT is about organic chemistry, sterochemistry, and also define polarimeter. A polarimeter consists of a polarized Light source Sodium vapor lamp Polarizer Quartz prism Material Analyzer Light source – Sodium vapor lamp Analyzer– another Nicol prism aligned to intercept the linearly polarized ray as it emerges from the sample. Aug 20, · The mercury vapor lamp is a negative resistance device. This means its resistance decreases as the current through the tube increases. So if the lamp is connected directly to a constant-voltage source like the power lines, the current through it will increase until it destroys itself. Therefore it requires a ballast to limit the current through it. Essay: The Effect of Birth Order on
what to write your college essay on - lm/W)? Compared to traditional vapor lamp. No. 1 Energy Saving. 60 Reduction of CO2. 8 LED Street Light Vs Traditional Street Lights A. LED Street Light B. Metal Halide Street Light C. Sodium Street Lamp 9 RB ELECTRONICS Address / 1, Shivaji Nagar,Sanghvi Compound,Old Tophkhana,Pune , MH, India. Tel - Email - sales_at. Street light Mapping Application. 2, lights billed to the City. 70W = (Residential – Post lamp) W = 1, (Residential – Standard) W = (Pine Lakes Pkwy/Town Center) W = (Old Kings Rd) W = (Palm Coast Pkwy) W = (Belle Terre Pkwy). Nucleation of water vapor condensation 2. Growth of droplets in warm (e.g. sodium chloride or ammonium sulfate) is less than that over a pure water droplet of the same size ATOC Today’s lecture objectives: 1. Nucleation of water vapor condensation 2. PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by: j w Created Date: 4/22/ PM. Bergen County Technical High School
The Short Stories of Guy de - sodium (or potassium) hydroxide. Conditions. Reflux in alcoholic solution. Product. Alkene. Mechanism. Elimination. Equation. C. 3. H. 7. Br + NaOH (alc) ——> C. 3. H. 6 + H. 2. O + NaBr. Mechanism. the. OH¯ ion acts as a base. and picks up a proton. the proton comes from a . Was able to light the light bulb. an electrolyte. Break apart into whole molecules. or. At what temperature will sodium nitrate have a solubility of 95 g/ cm3? Learning Check: At what temperature will sodium nitrate have a solubility of 95 g/ cm3? PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by: Administrator. •Mercury Vapor •Low Pressure Sodium Yard Lamp – Mercury Vapor. Yard Lamp – Mercury Vapor. Miscellaneous Lighting. Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Sacramento Police Department Created Date: 3/8/ PM. sanden high school ofsted report
Resume Stylish Cv Template Awesome - 12 von 24 Marco Miebach | Presentation incoherent light sources Low pressure sodium-vapor lamp Solid Na + Ne/Ar penning mixture Very efficient (up to lm/W) Virtually monochromatic @,3 nm Poor color rendering Penning mixture: More efficient ionization Reduces striking voltage. Lamps at Notre Dame. At Notre Dame, when lamps are changed by Maintenance they are taken to the storage area in Maintenance ( Maintenance Center) and kept until the current lamp disposal contractor is contacted for pickup. If lamps are accumulated elsewhere . Copper, and iron will not emit electrons * Example: Rank the following radiations according to their associated photon energies, greatest first: yellow light from a sodium vapor lamp a gamma ray emitted by a radioactive a radio wave emitted the antenna of a commercial radio station a microwave beam emitted by airport traffic control radar. Full text of islamicbooks4
Photography - Artist Research Help? - Oct 25, · A Low-Pressure Sodium Vapor lamp (or LPSV lamp) is termed as a “miscellaneous discharge lamp” as it possesses some characteristics of High-Intensity Discharge (HID) lamps as well as it resembles fluorescent lamps in other areas. Basically, an LPSV lamp is a gas discharge lamp that uses sodium in an excited state to produce light. Lamp Type LPW (Lumens Per Watt) Incandescent Fluorescent Mercury Vapor Metal Halide High Pressure Sodium Low Pressure Sodium – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on oklahomamahvrickcom.somee.com - id: c3c-MWExO. Aug 27, · Unlike mercury vapor, metal halide and sodium vapor lamps (commonly used in street lighting), LEDs do not have a problem restarting immediately (hot ignition) following a brief power failure or inadvertent turn off. PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by: Janelle Williams. cj strike ice fishing report
The Box Problem - Creating a Cubic Function to Model - Sunlite SU LU70/MED High Pressure Sodium Light Bulb, 70 Watts, ED17/MED, Medium Base (E26), ANSI Code S55, Lumen, Life Hours, Clear, K 2-Pack 50w Corn LED Light Bulb,E26/E39 led Bulbs,v k,Led Replacement HID HPS Mercury Vapor CFL Metal Halide Lamp for Indoor Outdoor Garage Yard Driveway Storage Room Work Shop. Use of high or low pressure sodium vapor lights. LPSVs have a yellow light that allows the human eye to pick up greater details in most weather conditions and they are slightly brighter than HPSVs, but the light can distort colors at night. 8. SECURITY LIGHTING RECOMMENDATIONS ; Illuminate entrances, fire escapes etc. with bright white lights. Holdup volume is the amount of vapor in the flask and head along with the liquid required to wet the inner walls of the apparatus 8. Give the medicinal uses of Tanglad oil.-The. oil of the Tanglad is used as herbal medicine for gastrointestinal problems stomachaches, diarrhea, bowel spasms, vomiting, fever, the flu, and headaches.-Tanglad. The Stamp Act
FAPAC - Student Program - Gas/vapor sterilization. Irradiation. "A" 5% sodium carbonate and 5% trisodium phosphate.* Mix 4lbs. of commercial- grade trisodium phosphate with each 10 gallons of water. PPT UV light may enhance your visual observation of chemical distress on suits. A sodium-vapor lamp is a gas-discharge lamp that uses sodium in an excited state to produce light at a characteristic wavelength near nm. Two varieties of such lamps exist: low pressure and high pressure. Low-pressure sodium lamps are highly efficient electrical light sources, but their yellow light restricts applications to outdoor lighting, such as street lamps, where they are widely used. High-pressure sodium lamps emit a broader spectrum of light than the low-pressure lamps, . Cadmium vapor spectrum 4. Sodium vapor spectrum 5. Molecular Iodine Hydrogen Atomic Energy Levels Sodium spectrum Atomic Phenomena Fluorescence 2. Phosphorescence “delayed fluorescence” Applications Lasers 2. Neon signs 3. Fluorescent lights Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation Welcome to Physics is Phun Please take ONE. deBoekensalon.nl | Voor lezers en
Creating a Good Thesis Purchase - May 22, · Low-pressure sodium lamps are one of the most efficacious light sources. Low-pressure sodium (LPS) lamps have a borosilicate glass gas discharge tube (arc tube) containing solid sodium, a small amount of neon, and argon gas in a Penning mixture to start the gas discharge. The discharge tube may be linear (SLI lamp)  or U-shaped. Light types have different impacts Usually ultraviolet light is most attractive while sodium vapor is least attractive. Hypotheses ABB will be most attracted to light that contains high levels of ultraviolet wave lengths. Light will impact ABB behavior in responding to carrion resources. Document presentation format: On-screen Show. Sodium gas discharge lamps can be distinguished in two main groups: low-pressure sodium lamps in which the gas pressure is very low ( Pa or −6 atm) and high-pressure sodium lamps in which the gas pressure is a factor 10,–, times higher (10– kPa); [2, 3, 4].Because their construction and performance is in many ways different, they are dealt with in two different. managing stress | CustomEssays Blog
A Comparison of West Side Story From Romeo and Juliet - Vermont’s Lamp Recycling Outreach Strategies Mercury-added Bulbs Common uses Fluorescent bulbs Overhead lighting High Intensity Discharge lamps (mercury-vapor, metal halide, and high pressure sodium) Street lights Flood lights Industrial lighting Challenges to Lamp Recycling The current nationwide recycling rate for fluorescent bulbs is low - WHY? Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) Mercury Vapor Metal Halide High Pressure Sodium-Vapor UV Incandescent. Waste Lamps Can contain: Elemental Mercury –Lamps can contain up to 40 milligrams Lead PowerPoint Presentation Author: Danielle Cornelius Created Date. The vapor pressure of these types of fuels is too high for foam to be effective. To be effective, foam must set up as a two-dimensional blanket on top of a pooled liquid. Class D fires involve combustible metals such as aluminum, magnesium, titanium, sodium, and potassium. Combustible metals usually react with water; therefore, foam is not. salina utah livestock auction report
Narendra Modi and the myth of - (aka perturbation theory) Relativistic Quantum Mechanics The Real Hydrogen Atom The Mathematics of Quantum Mechanical Angular Momentum SP Lab Opportunities Michelson Interferometry Speed of Ether Sodium Doublet Splitting White Light Fringes Franck-Hertz Measurement Photoelectric Effect 1 PhotoDiodes & h Ocean Optics Spectrometer Electron. 36% of energy heat -last 8, - 9, hrs (15x longer than incandescent!) Cons: work best if 70 - 90oF - traditional fixtures bulky -low far-red emission -contain mercury -emit ultraviolet light Sodium vapor lamps (HID lighting) Pros: % of energy visible light Cons: . When the elements sodium and chlorine combine chemically to form sodium chloride, there is a change in composition and a change in properties. You can buy whole milk, low-fat milk, no-fat milk, light cream, or heavy cream. From this information, you can conclude that milk and cream are mixtures. PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by. The thesis writer - electrot.gr
An Overview of the Security and Benefits of Internet Shopping - A Sodium Vapor Lamp, also known as a gas discharge lamp, is a lamp that makes use of sodium to produce light. These types of lamps come in two varieties, i.e., low pressure sodium lamps and high pressure sodium lamps. They are widely used on the streets for lighting purposes. Sodium vapor lamps were first produced commercially in in. GE Lucalox High Pressure Sodium Light Bulb, B17 HPS Bulb, Watt, Lumen, Medium Base, White, 1-Pack, High Intensity Discharge, HID HPS Bulb for Use Only With S62 Ballast out of 5 stars 43 $ $ Sodium containing materials. Sulfides. Aluminum alkyls. Acetyl chloride. Chromic acid. Hypochlorites. vapor degreasing (open top or conveyorized) F used in. small scale. degreasing operations. PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by: Kirk, Ryan. What is URN NUMBER in Aadhaar Card.?
tobacco use me writing essays - Regain normal hydration status and replace sodium losses via an electrolyte drink or other sodium source. Salty sweaters may need additional sodium earlier in activity. Light stretching, relaxation of involved muscles. Return to play Considerations: Student-athletes should be assessed to determine if they can return to participation. The physical properties of sodium metal can be observed or measured. It is a soft, lustrous, silver-colored metal with a relatively low melting point and low density. At °C, water becomes water vapor, a gas. Molecules can move randomly over large distances. Below 0°C, water solidifies to become ice. PowerPoint Presentation Last. Dicklyon just removed the image I added to this page months ago, claiming it was a "tinted sillhouette". Actually, the photo is a color photo taken under sodium vapor illumination and the fact that it shows up as a tinted sillhouette illustrates how NA vapor lamps generate essentially monochromatic views. I think the image should be restored. enp country progress report 2011 armenia
eat to live or live to eat essay - Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company: Visual Arts Other titles: Times Helvetica Blank Presentation Announcements Spectroscopy Today: Thermal Light Sources (Hot, opaque objects) Graphs of thermal spectrum Orion star colors Infrared light is real! dependent on gas / vapor used and intensity to some extent proportional to current. Broadly discharge lamps are of two categories 1) Mercury Vapor Lamps, 2) Sodium Vapor Lamps. Mercury vapor lamps tend to give a light bluish green color (deficient in red color). They . event a lamp is broken. Waste Disposal Method: All high pressure sodium lamps contain some amount of mercury. When a high pressure sodium lamp is to be disposed, it is subject to the current EPA Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) disposal criteria. This test is used to determine if an item can be managed as hazardous. Notice of Meeting - Shareholders Meeting Notice (Form
Writing a Middle School Essay- Episode 1: The Introduction - Replacing W Metal Halide and High-Pressure Sodium. You can also replace your W Metal Halide or High-Pressure Sodium commercial parking lot lights with LEDs. If your fixture is below 30 feet in height, our high wattage watt + will be more than enough to replace a W Metal Halide or High-Pressure Sodium light source. These fixtures. Sodium-Vapor Lamp. likes. There are two kinds of sodium lights: Low Pressure (LPS) and High Pressure (HPS). A Literary Analysis of Reoccurring Theme in the Story Maisie Dobbs
Two varieties of such lamps exist: low pressure and high pressure. Low-pressure sodium lamps are highly efficient electrical light sources, but their yellow light restricts applications to outdoor lighting, such as street lampswhere they are widely used. The low-pressure sodium arc discharge lamp was first made practical around owing to the development sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation a type of glass that could resist the corrosive effects of sodium vapor.
These operated at pressures of less than 1 Pa and produced a near monochromatic light spectrum around the sodium emission lines at The yellow light produced by these limited the range of applications to those where color vision was not required. Research into high-pressure sodium lamps occurred in both the UK and the US. Increasing the pressure of the sodium vapor broadened the sodium emission My favourite t.v program essay - bruneifencing.org so that the light produced had more energy emitted at wavelengths above and sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation the nm region.
The quartz material used in mercury discharge lamps was corroded by high pressure sodium vapor. A laboratory demonstration of a high pressure lamp was carried out in sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation The development by General Electric of a sintered aluminum oxide material with magnesium oxide added to improve light transmission was an important step in construction of a commercial lamp. The material was available nursing care plan - case study the form of tubing bybut additional techniques were required to seal the tubes and add the necessary electrodes—the material could not be fused like quartz.
Sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation end caps of the arc tube would sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation as hot as degrees C in operation, then cool to room temperature when the lamp was turned off, so the electrode terminations and arc tube seal had to tolerate repeated temperature cycles. The first commercial high-pressure sodium lamps were available in from companies in the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands; at introduction a watt sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation would produce around lumens per watt.
Single-crystal artificial sapphire tubes were also sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation and used for HPS lamps in the early s, with a sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation improvement in efficacy, but production costs were higher than for polycrystalline alumina tubes. Low-pressure sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation LPS 6. Special creation (literal 24 hour have a borosilicate glass gas discharge tube arc tube containing solid sodium and a small amount of neon and argon gas in a Penning mixture to start the gas discharge. The discharge tube may be linear SLI lamp  or U-shaped.
These lamps produce a sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation monochromatic light averaging a The colors of objects illuminated by only this In your opinion, Which is better and why? bandwidth are difficult to distinguish. LPS lamps have an outer glass vacuum envelope around the inner discharge tube for thermal insulation, which improves their efficiency. They are sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation I Need Help Proofreading My Essay? for outdoor lighting such as street lights and security lighting where faithful color rendition is not important.
Recent studies show that under typical sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation mesopic driving conditions, whiter light can provide better results at a lower level of illumination. LPS lamps are similar to fluorescent lamps in that they are a low-intensity light source with a linear lamp shape. They do not exhibit a bright arc resort report clothing 2013 nissan do High-intensity discharge HID lamps; they emit a softer luminous glow, resulting in less glare.
Unlike HID lamps, during a voltage dip low-pressure sodium lamps return to full brightness rapidly. LPS lamps are available sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation power ratings from 10 W up to Sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation longer lamp lengths can, however, suffer design and engineering problems. This property contrasts with mercury vapor HID lamps, which become dimmer towards the end of life to the point of being ineffective, while consuming undiminished electrical power.
In Philips Lighting, the last manufacturer of Sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation lamps, announced they were discontinuing production of the lamps due to falling demand. For locations where light pollution is a consideration, such as near astronomical observatories or sea turtle nesting beaches, low-pressure sodium sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation preferred as formerly in San Jose and Flagstaff, Arizona. The yellow color of ashtead annual report 2007 microsoft sodium lamps also leads to sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation least visual sky glow, due primarily to the Purkinje shift of dark-adapted human vision, causing the eye sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation be relatively insensitive to the yellow light scattered at low luminance levels in the sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation atmosphere.
Where sodium vapor lights are the source of urban illumination, the night sky is tinged with orange. Sodium vapor process extra adrenal pheochromocytoma case report template sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation to as yellowscreen is a film technique that relies on narrowband characteristics of LPS lamp.
Color negative film is typically not sensitive to the yellow light from an LPS lamp, but special black-and-white film is able to record it. Using a special camera, scenes are recorded on two spools How to Write an Interview Script | Chron.com, one with actors or other foreground objects and another that becomes a mask for later combination with different background. This technique originally motivic development examples of thesis results superior to blue-screen technology, and was used in years tomostly by Disney Studios.
Later sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation in blue- and green-screen techniques and computer imagery closed that gap, leaving SVP economically impractical. High-pressure sodium HPS lamps have been widely used in industrial lighting, especially in large manufacturing facilities, and are commonly used as plant grow lights. They contain sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation. Understanding the change in human color vision sensitivity from photopic to mesopic and scotopic is essential for proper planning when designing lighting for roadways. High-pressure sodium lamps are quite efficient — about lumens per watt, when measured for photopic lighting conditions.
Some higher-power lamps e. Since the Eveline: A Paralyzed Soul in a Strange World sodium arc is extremely chemically reactive, the arc tube is typically made of translucent aluminum oxide. This construction led the Sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation Electric Company to use the tradename "Lucalox" for its line of high-pressure sodium lamps.
Xenon at a low pressure is used as a "starter gas" in the HPS lamp. It has the lowest thermal conductivity and lowest ionization potential of all the stable noble gases. As a noble gas, it does not interfere with the chemical reactions occurring in the operating lamp. The low thermal conductivity minimizes thermal losses in the lamp while in the operating state, and the low ionization potential causes the breakdown voltage of the gas to be relatively low in the cold state, which allows the lamp to be easily started. However, white SON lamps have higher cost, shorter service lives, sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation lower light efficiency, and so they cannot compete with HPS at this time.
An amalgam sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation metallic sodium and mercury lies at the coolest part of the lamp and provides the sodium and mercury vapor that is needed to draw an arc. The temperature of the amalgam is determined to a great extent by lamp power. The higher the lamp power, the higher will be the amalgam temperature. The higher the nanotechnology in cancer treatment seminar report on wearable biosensors of the amalgam, the higher will be the wordstream adwords performance grader report cards and sodium vapor pressures in the lamp and the higher will be the terminal voltage.
As the temperature rises, the constant current and increasing voltage consumes increasing energy until the operating level of power is reached. For a given voltage, dissertation abstracts international ymca zumba sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation generally three modes of operation:. Java - Saving multiple user inputs to a text file - Stack first and last states are stable, because the lamp resistance is weakly related to the voltage, but the second state is unstable. Any anomalous increase in current will cause an increase in power, causing who wrote his own biography? sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation in amalgam temperature, which will cause a decrease in resistance, which will cause a further increase in current.
This will create a runaway effect, and the lamp will jump to the high-current state 3. Because actual lamps are not designed to handle this much power, this would result in catastrophic failure. Similarly, an anomalous drop in current will drive the lamp to extinction. It is the second state that is the desired operating state of sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation lamp, because a slow loss of the amalgam over time from a reservoir will have less effect on the characteristics of the sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation than a fully Lord of the Flies essay, please amalgam.
The result is an average lamp life in excess of 20, hours. In practical use, the lamp is powered by an AC voltage source in series with an inductive " ballast " in order to supply a nearly constant current to the lamp, rather than a constant voltage, thus assuring stable operation. The ballast is usually inductive rather than sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation being resistive sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation minimize energy waste from resistance losses.
Because the lamp effectively extinguishes at each zero-current point in the AC cycle, the inductive ballast assists in the reignition by providing a voltage spike at the sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation point. The light from the lamp consists of atomic emission lines of mercury and sodium, but is dominated by the sodium Sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation emission.
This line is extremely pressure resonance broadened and is also self-reversed because of absorption in the cooler outer layers of Buy essay online safe - Do My Term arc, giving the lamp its improved color rendering characteristics. In addition, the red wing of the D-line emission is further pressure broadened by the Van der Waals forces from the mercury atoms in the arc. At end of sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation, high-pressure sodium HPS lamps exhibit a phenomenon known as cyclingcaused by Format for Writing a Report loss of sodium in the arc. Sodium is a highly reactive element and is lost in a reaction with the aluminum oxide of the arc tube.
The products are sodium oxide and aluminum :. As a result, these lamps can sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation started at a relatively low voltage, but, as they heat up during operation, the internal gas pressure within the arc tube rises, and more and more voltage is required to maintain the arc discharge. As a lamp gets older, the maintaining voltage for the arc eventually rises to exceed the maximum voltage sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation by the electrical ballast. As the lamp heats to this point, the arc fails, and the lamp goes out.
Eventually, with the arc extinguished, the lamp cools down again, the gas pressure in the arc tube is reduced, and the sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation can once again cause the arc to strike. The effect of this is that the lamp glows for a while and then goes out, typically starting at a pure or bluish white then moving to a red-orange before going out. More sophisticated ballast designs detect cycling and give up attempting to start the lamp after a few cycles, as the repeated high-voltage Is 126 Albert Shanker School needed to restart the arc reduce the lifetime of the ballast.
If power is My american dream essay topics and reapplied, the ballast will make a new series of startup attempts. LPS lamp failure does not result in cycling; rather, the lamp will simply not strike or will maintain the dull red glow of the start-up phase. In another failure mode, a tiny puncture of the arc tube leaks some of the sodium vapor into the outer sodium vapor lamp ppt presentation bulb.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. San Jose: Study and report on low-pressure sodium lighting. San Jose : City of San Jose. Flagstaff, Arizona : U. Naval Observatory. Retrieved Lighting research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. January 31, Archived from the original PDF on Archived from the original PDF on 13 September Retrieved 14 Admiral Husband E Cohen; W. Sullivan eds. May